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LH3-10-Rosh Hashanah/ הלכות ראש השנה

2020-05-19 – LH3 – OC3 – Rosh Hashanah 5 – Intro. – Para. 1-2a – Yitzchak Avinu, Time, and Sleep; HaKol Kol Yaakov – Chiddush from Rabbi Rosenfeld zl; VaYishma Yisro; Listening to the Shofar

Speaker: Rabbi Nasan Maimon. This halakha is based on Likutey Moharan 2 (Tinyana) , Torah 79 and Likutey Moharan 61.
00:00 – Introduction. Yitzchak is related to time. Hi name contains the word “chai” (life) and “ketz” (end) – referring to temporal existence.
11:58 – Chiddush (Torah innovation) heard from Rabbi Zvi Aryeh Rosenfeld z”l, about HaKol Kol Yaakov – “the voice is the voice of Yaakov.” Kol is twice orev (sweet) in gematria.
14:53 – Elul is begamtria Binah, which is above time. The seven lower sefiros represent time.
16:36 – The letters kuf and tzaddik of Yitzchak correspond to sleep.
16:54 – Explanation of sleep and how it distorts time (based on Likutey Moharan 61).
19:53 – Midrash Rabbah on the meanings of the letters in the name Yitzchak. The kuf and the tzaddik refer to the 190 years from Yitzchak Avinu‘s birth to when Yaakov Avinu went down to Mitzrayim (Egypt). These are counted as the first 190 years of galus (exile).
21:58 – Continuing inside the text – Yitzchak ben Avraham is the concept of reaching a level above time through teshuvah (repentance/return to Hashem).
25:57 – Reference to Likutey Moharan 2 (Tinyana) 79 – “VaYishma Yisro” – “And Yisro heard”. He heard about Krias Yam Suf (the splitting of the Red Sea) and the defeat of Amalek. Kriyas Yam Suf is bitul hazmanim – the nullification of temporality. A miracle eliminates time.
27:26 – Examples of miracles involving the nullification of time. Aharon and Hur supporting the hands of Moshe Rabbeinu.
31:47 – QUESTION and RESPONSE about where Yaakov Avinu fits into this relationship to time.
32:25 – PARAGRAPH 1. The mitzvah of listening to the sound of the shofar on Rosh Hashanah.
37::18 – Why the shofar is made of a ram’s horn.
39:66 – Heard from Rabbi Rosenfeld z”l: The word “zman” (time, 97) is b’gematria Hashem’s Name “Kel” which indicates Hashem’s kindness (“chesed keyl kol hayom”) and Shem Adnus 65 plus 31 is 96 plus 1 for the kollel is zman. Kol represents the six sefiros of Zer Anpin.
42:52 – PARAGRAPH 2.
44:36 – The concept of time represents incomplete daas (knowledge/awareness of Hashem). The distortion of time during sleep.
53:11 – QUESTION and RESPONSE. What is the purpose of going above time?
55:49 – QUESTION about time bound mitzvos and RESPONSE: why this world is more important to Hashem than all other worlds.
56:42 – QUESTION about Olam HaBah (the World to Come) being an aspect of “length of days”. RESPONSE: Why the two days of Rosh Hashanah are considered “one long day.”
57:30 – QUESTION and RESPONSE about time seeming to speed up in our generation even though there’s less daas.

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