Likutey Halakhos, Yoreh Deah 1, Ribis 5, Para. 4-6. Giving an Interest-Free Loan Can Be Greater Than Charity; Tikkun Chatzos – Prayer at Midnight Improves Livelihood. Speaker: Rabbi Nasan Maimon.
Hilkhos Ribis 5 is based on Likutey Moharan 179.
00:00 – Dedications. PARAGRAPH 4. Giving an interest-free loan is better than giving charity.
09:00 – The test of the Tree of Knowledge had to do with eyesight.
12 :30 – Q&R about the benefit of receiving or giving an interest-free loan vs. receiving or giving charity.
14:07 – NOTE: when a person gives a loan, they make a connection with the recipient.
14:25 – When ribis – monetary interest – is charged for a loan, the illusion of time is strengthened. By not taking interest, the illusion of time is negated (Baba Metzia 71).
19:00 – The name “Moshe” is comprised of the first letters of the phrase מַה־שֶּֽׁהָיָה֙ ה֣וּא שֶׁיִּֽהְיֶ֔ה – “That which was, will be…” (Koheles 1:9).
00:00 – מַלְוֵ֣ה יְ֖הוָה ח֣וֹנֵֽן דָּ֑ל וּ֜גְמֻל֗וֹ יְשַׁלֶּם־לֽוֹ – “He who is gracious to a poor man lends to Hashem, and He will repay him his reward” (Mishlei 19:17).
18:00 – Reference to 2Likutey Moharan 79.
20:50 – PARAGRAPH 5. The importance of chatzos – prayer at midnight – which counteracts sleep and eliminates the illusion of time. (Zohar Bereishis 23).
29:38 – Q&R about the time of chatzos – according to the Arizal, it’s 6 clock hours (360 minutes) after nightfall and continues for two hours thereafter. However it’s permitted to say Tikkun Chatzos until Alos HaShachar.
32:16 – Q&R about staying awake until chatzos – it’s preferable to go to sleep earlier and then wake up.
33:36 – PARAGRAPH 6. Using time wisely to prepare for Olam HaBah – the Future World. Reference to the spiritual aspects of sleep in Likutey Moharan 64.
*38:00 – Dovid Hamelech would get up at chatzos to pray, and in the morning the sages would consult him about parnassah – livelihood – for Am Yisrael. What’s the connection between chatzos and parnassah?
46:40 – Q&R about how non- Jews receive livelihood. NOTE about going to the Tzaddik especially at mincha on Shabbos to receive blessing for the coming week through Torah, sharing a meal, singing, and dancing.
49:26 – Closing blessings.