Text: Ein Yaakov, Gitin 56. Speaker: Rabbi Zvi Aryeh Rosenfeld ז”ל. Topic: Historical background for the mourning period of the Three Weeks, including the destruction of the second Beis HaMikdash – the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
*00:00 – In his opening remarks, Rabbi Rosenfeld mentions that this lesson would be good to listen to on the Fast of Tisha b’Av.
00:36 – When Aspanyanus (Vespasian) became emperor and had to return to Rome, he assigned Titus HaRasha (the Evil Titus) to continue the siege of Jerusalem. Titus was a direct descendant of Esav and began an attack against Hashem by profaning the Beis HaMikdash. When he later voyaged back to Rome, the sea all around his ship rose up, on its own, to defend the honor of Hashem.
04:33 – The greatness of Pinchas.
05:55 – Titus was punished by Hashem through a worm that entered his brain and as it grew, increased his suffering.
11:50 – Onkelus the Ger consults with three souls who are in gehinnam (purification in the next world), asking each of them “Who is considered the most worthy in Heaven?”
15:37 – Onkelus calls upon Bilaam.
20:17 – The process of the gradual revelation of the Zohar HaKadosh over generations. The ARIzal reveals that Bilaam was reincarnated as Naval.
22:24 – Onkelus brings up the soul of “the unmentionable one”.
25:16 – The destruction of Jerusalem followed as a result of the incident between Kamtza and Bar Kamtza. Embarrassing a person in public is a very great sin.
26:45 – The massacre of thousands of Jews in Tur Malka through the incident of a rooster and a hen.
28:52 – The sincere prayer of even an evil person is accepted by Hashem.
*34:59 – Why Eretz Yisrael is called Eretz HaTzvi (Land of the Deer). Miracles of the Beis HaMikdash – there was always room for everyone.