Shoftim – The Book of Judges – presented by Rabbi Zvi Aryeh Rosenfeld z”l.
*00:00 – Peace in Israel under the leadership of Tolah ben Puah from the tribe of Yissachar.
00:40 – The next leader was Yair HaGiladi of Shevet Menashe (East). He called the villages of his sons “Chavos Yair” to commemorate Yair ben Menashe, who had no children. Why does the Torah mention this? The true offspring of tzaddikim are the Torah and maasim tovim (good deeds) they bring to the world. “Chavos Yair” (gematria is 635: 613 mitzvos plus the 22 letters of the Torah).
05:56 – Jewish emunah (faith) faltered and as a result Hashem allowed the nation of Ammon oppressed them.
07:31 – Hashem refused to help Israel because of their idol worship, but Am Yisrael continued to beg Him to return to them.
08:57 – “Lam’natzeach” in Tehillim alludes to Hashem‘s “defeat” through prayer, teaching us that no one should ever give up hope, no matter what the circumstances.
10:40 – Yiftach, arises from humble beginnings to become a fierce defender of Israel. The Jews are forbidden to make war against Moav because Rus would come from that land.
13:55 – Ammon declares war against the Jews.
17:00 – Sichon, king of Amori and Og, King of Bashan were supernatural giants. They had survived the flood of Noach. Yiftach refuses to give back trans-Jordan and the army of Israel was victorious even though they were greatly outnumbered.
19:52 – Yiftach’s vow to sacrifice the first thing he meets after the battle if he is victorious.
23:14 – Did Yiftach actually sacrifice his only daughter? The Zohar says yes. Because of Yiftach‘s refusal to meet with Pinchas, Kohen Gadol, his daughter lost her life. Both men were punished severely by Hashem for their stubbornness.
28:38 – Civil war with Ephraim.
30:03 – The origin of the term for a password: “shibboleth.”
32:03 – Aftzon/Boaz and Rus and the origin of Mashiach in spiritual purity.
35:36 – Lineage of Shimshon HaGibor (Samson).
37:34 – Elon and Avadon.