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LH4-26-Karcha uKhsoves KaAka

2022-12-09 – LH4 – YD1 – Karcha uKhsoves KaAka 3 – Para. 3-5 – Restoring Hadras Ponim Through Mourning and Eulogy; Visiting Graves of Tzaddikim – Customs and Procedure

Karcha uKhsoves KaAka 3 – Para. 3-5. Restoring Hadras Ponim Through Mourning and Eulogy; Visiting Graves of Tzaddikim – Customs and Procedure.
Speaker: Rabbi Nasan Maimon.
Karcha uKhsoves KaAka 3 is based on Likutey Moharan 27.
00:00 – PARAGRAPH 3. Hadras Ponim – spiritual radiance of the face. When the soul leaves the body, the Hadras Ponim departs. It is restored through the mitzvos of mourning and eulogy performed by those who survive. Visiting the grave of the soul also restores Hadras Ponim.
07:40 – A tzaddik is greater in death than in his lifetime.
09:58 – Shalom is achieved through harmonizing opposites.
13:57 – At the hour a tzaddik leaves this world, three groups of angels descend to meet him.
*17:20 – Q&R about the passing of a tzaddik and procedure when visiting kivrei tzaddikim. We pray only to Hashem, not to the tzaddik.
24:00 – PARAGRAPH 4. The importance of visiting grave of tzaddikim often. The kever of a tzaddik has the holiness of Eretz Yisrael (Baal Shem Tov HaKadosh). צַדִּיקִ֥ים יִֽירְשׁוּ־אָ֑רֶץ – “The righteous shall inherit the land…” (Tehillim 37:29).
*30:00 – Tzaddikim are more present and active in this world after their passing than they were during their lifetime. (Zohar HaKodesh, Acharei Mos)
30:30 – PARAGRAPH 5. The purpose of eulogy and mourning is to restore the Hadras Ponim of the one who passed away. Reference to Sichos HaRan 45.
36:35 – The Ten Types of Song and reciting Tehillim at Kivrei Tzaddikim. Reciting Tikkun HaKlali at the gravesite of Rebbe Nachman (Sichos HaRan 141).
38:00 – עֲלֵֽי־עָ֖שׂוֹר וַֽעֲלֵי־נָ֑בֶל עֲלֵ֖י הִגָּי֣וֹן בְּכִנּֽוֹר – “Upon a ten-stringed harp and upon a psaltery, with speech upon a harp” (Tehillim 92:4).
39:56 – Q&R about peace as a resolution of opposites.
41:54 – Ana BeKoach – 72 three-letter words comprise a powerful Name of Hashem. 72 is b’gematria חסד – chessed – loving-kindness. 72 times three is 216 – גבורה – gevurah – strength/restraint.
44:54 – Bitterness is part of the process toward establishing peace.
45:00 – Restoring the Hadras Ponim of a person who passed away. וְאֹ֣הֲבָ֔יו כְּצֵ֥את הַשֶּׁ֖מֶשׁ בִּגְבֻרָת֑וֹ – “They that love Him [should be] as the sun when he goes forth in his might” (Shoftim 5:31).
48:48 – לָשׂ֣וּם | לַֽאֲבֵלֵ֣י צִיּ֗וֹן לָתֵת֩ לָהֶ֨ם פְּאֵ֜ר תַּ֣חַת אֵ֗פֶר – “To place for the mourners of Zion beauty instead of ashes…” (Yeshaya 61:3). Tzaddikim are called ציון – Tziyon. Through yearning for the tzaddik, we draw his soul into this world.
50:00 – Reference to Likutey Moharan 31. The process of receiving the neshoma yesayra in 6 stages begins Layl Shabbos and is completed during Kedusha of Shabbos Mussaf. Nefesh means ratzon – yearning.
53:00 – Through visiting kivrei tzaddikim, a person receives Hadras Ponim.
54:00 – Tziyon is begematria Yosef.
54:38 – Achieving peace is a two-step process.
58:20 – Every Jew can restore the Hadras Ponim of the tzaddikim in Olam HaBah and bring the light of Hashem into this world. עַמֵּךְ֙ כֻּלָּ֣ם צַדִּיקִ֔ים לְעוֹלָ֖ם יִ֣ירְשׁוּ אָ֑רֶץ – “And your people, all of them righteous, shall inherit the Land forever…” (Yeshaya 60:21).
60:00 – Hadras ponim is temporarily lost when a person passes away, but is restored through the mitzvos of mourning. This process is an aspect of “…beauty instead of ashes”.

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